Selecting a licence for your work

Overview

Creative Commons (CC) licences allow authors to nominate how they would like people to be able to use and reuse their work. Applying a CC licence to your work signals to others how you, the copyright owner, would like to be attributed if your work is reused. If you are publishing Open Access, the publisher will likely release your work under one of these licences.

More information can be found at Creative Commons Australia.

This page provides information on common CC licences used in academia. There are other open licences beyond Creative Commons that may be more appropriate for your work, such as open source licences (for software) or traditional knowledge labels (for works containing Indigenous knowledge).

Creative Commons licences

The below table provides information on what each licence means for the author and/or copyright holder, and a generic sample text that can be included in a publication.

If you are applying the licence information to your own work, we suggest including the sample text below at the beginning of the work so that the rights being licenced are immediately clear to all. It is also useful to include a licence statement in the information on the landing page where your output is hosted if this is possible.

To find out which licence you would like to allocate to a work visit the Creative Commons licence chooser.

Licence

What this means for the author/copyright holder

Sample text for the inclusion in publication

Creative Commons Attribution

(CC BY)

This licence allows others to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licences offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licenced materials.

This [insert item type] is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third-party material in this [insert item type] are included under the Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike

(CC BY-SA)

This licence allows others to remix, adapt, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and licence their new creations under the identical terms. This licence is often compared to “copyleft” free and open source software licences. All new works based on yours will carry the same licence, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is the licence used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licenced projects.

This [insert item type] is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under a CC BY-SA licence.

The images or other third-party material in this [insert item type] are included under the Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.

Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives

(CC BY-ND)

This licence allows others to reuse the work for any purpose, including commercially; however, it cannot be shared with others in adapted form, and credit must be provided to you.

This [insert item type] is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence, which permits use, sharing, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source and provide a link to the Creative Commons licence. If you make any changes to the work, you are not permitted to distribute the modified material.

The images or other third-party material in this [insert item type] are included under the Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial

(CC BY-NC)

This licence allows others to remix, adapt, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be a non-commercial activity, they don’t have to licence their derivative works on the same terms.

This [insert item type] is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International Licence, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. Under this licence, you may not use the material for any commercial purposes.

The images or other third-party material in this [insert item type] are included under the Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

(CC BY-NC-SA)

This licence allows others to remix, adapt, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and licence their new creations under the identical terms.

This [insert item type] is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. Under this licence, you may not use the material for any commercial purposes. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under a CC BY-NC-SA licence.

The images or other third-party material in this [insert item type] are included under the Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives

(CC BY-NC-ND)

This licence is the most restrictive of these six main licences, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you. Importantly the sharing of the work cannot be done as part of a commercial activity. They also cannot share any adaptations they have made to your work.

This [insert item type] is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence, which permits use, sharing, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source and provide a link to the Creative Commons licence. Under this licence, you may not use the material for any commercial purposes. If you make any changes to the work, you are not permitted to distribute the modified material.

The images or other third-party material in this [insert item type] are included under the Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.