Citing Films & TV Broadcast

Under the Copyright Act authors hold moral rights in their work, including the right to be attributed as the author. You must acknowledge any literary work that you use.

You are not required to use a particular citation style. If the author or copyright owner asks to be acknowledged in a particular way, you should follow their request. If you are using material for a teaching or academic purposes, you should use an academic citation style.

For a film or TV broadcast, a simple attribution would include some or all of the following:

  • Title – of the film, television series, etc
  • Year of release, publication of DVD or date broadcast
  • Director
  • DVD or Video cassette [in square brackets]
  • Place of distribution: distribution company
  • URL of website (if it is a podcast, vodcast or from Youtube)
  • Television programmes may not have a single director and should include programme title and year, series (if applicable), production company (or channel), and date of transmission.
  • Copyright or licensing information as appropriate, for example a link to the Creative Commons licence or a statement indicating if permission has been granted by the copyright owner.
    Some examples of citations for Films & TV Broadcasts:

    Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, 1977, George Lucas [DVD] Lucas Films.

    TV Broadcast:
    After Life, 2002 Buffy the Vampire Slayer [Off Air Recording] Channel 10, Aired and Recorded 07/05/09.
    A Home video:
    Family Day at the Zoo, August 2009, John Smith [DVD] Home video
    Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Accessed 19/07/10
    Podcast, Vodcast, YouTube clips
    Invention Test Sunday 11th July 2010 Masterchef [Online Video Clip] Channel 10 Originally Broadcast 11th July 2010 Accessed 19th July 2010
    Episode 80: Books on Demand 2010 Visions Video Podcast University of Melbourne [Online Video Clip Accessed 19th July 2010
    A Fair(y) Use Tale (NOT a Disney movie) 2007 Eric Faden [Online Video Clip YouTube] Accessed on 16 July 2009

The source of the material may not include all the necessary details to complete a full citation. If so, include as many details as possible and a statement that the information is unknown. For example:

  • 'Author, title, publication details (or source) all unknown. All reasonable attempts have been made to identify or locate this information. If you are the author or know who they are please advise us'.
  • 'Citation information unknown. Please advise us if you are the author or know who they are.'

The acknowledgement should be clear and legible. If it is not possible to include the acknowledgement with the item, use a bibliography or list of sources that clearly identifies which citation accompanies which item.