Citing Literary Works

Under the Copyright Act authors hold moral rights in their work, including the right to be attributed as the author. You must acknowledge any literary work that you use.

You are not required to use a particular citation style. If the author or copyright owner asks to be acknowledged in a particular way, you should follow their request. If you are using material for a teaching or academic purposes, you should use an academic citation style.

For literary works, a simple attribution would include some or all of the following:

  • Author/s
  • Title of book, journal, article, paper, etc.
  • Publication details including publisher, place and date or publication
  • Pages/ section used
  • If the work has been sourced from a website: the URL for the image's website and the date the website was accessed.
  • Copyright or licensing information as appropriate, for example a link to the Creative Commons licence or a statement indicating if permission has been granted by the copyright owner.
Some examples of citations for literary works:
Books and book chapters etc.

Bronte, Charlotte, Jane Eyre, ed. Margaret Smith, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2000.

Wright, Robin, 'So You Want to Tape Off TV?' Copyright Law, Digital Television and Personal Use in Kenyon, Andrew (ed), TV Futures: Digital Television Policy in Australia, Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2007, pp.196-213
Journal articles:
Tom, E. (2010) ‘Flip Skirt Fatales: How Media Fetish Sidelines Cheerleaders’, PLATFORM: Journal of Media and Communication ANZCA Special Edition (April): 52-70. ISSN: 1836-5132 Online © Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 Australia licence Accessed 18 July 2010
Amstrup, Steven C., and Gardner, Craig, "Polar Bear Maternity Denning in the Beaufort Sea" in Journal of Wildlife Management, v. 58, 1994, pp.1-10.
Collins, Sarah-Jane, 'Students far from home in crowded rental market', The Age 19 July 2010
Text from a website:
Fitzgerald, F. Scott, Tender is the Night, 1933 Accessed 19/07/10
Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Accessed 19/07/10
Unpublished Material, e.g. a thesis
Barker, H. I. (2005). A critical history of writing on Australian contemporary art, 1960-1988. PhD thesis, School of Art History, Cinema, Classics and Archaeology, The University of Melbourne.

The source of the material may not include all the necessary details to complete a full citation. If so, include as many details as possible and a statement that the information is unknown. For example:

  • What is Plagiarism? Author unknown
  • 'Author, title, publication details (or source) all unknown. All reasonable attempts have been made to identify or locate this information. If you are the author or know who they are please advise us'.
  • 'Citation information unknown. Please advise us if you are the author or know who they are.'

The acknowledgement should be clear and legible. If it is not possible to include the acknowledgement with the item, use a bibliography or list of sources that clearly identifies which citation accompanies which item.