Citing Sound Recordings & Radio Broadcasts

Under the Copyright Act authors hold moral rights in their work, including the right to be attributed as the author. You must acknowledge any literary work that you use.

You are not required to use a particular citation style. If the author or copyright owner asks to be acknowledged in a particular way, you should follow their request. If you are using material for a teaching or academic purposes, you should use an academic citation style.

For sound recordings, a simple attribution would include some or all of the following:

  • Creator/ writer of underlying work (usually song or script)
  • Title of song
  • Title of album (if appropriate)
  • Date of recording
  • Performers (if appropriate)
  • Medium of recording, i.e. CD, LP, cassette, mp3.
  • Record label (if appropriate)
  • Production city or location
  • Copyright or licensing information as appropriate, for example a link to the Creative Commons licence or a statement indicating if permission has been granted by the copyright owner.
    Some examples of citations for sound recordings and radio broadcasts:
    Musical Sound Recordings
    Morello, T., 'Killing in the name of', Rage Against the Machine (1992) New York: Epic Records.
    Non Musical Sound Recordings
    Meyer, Stephanie, Twilight (2009) Bolinda Publishing Pty Ltd.
    From a website:
    "Fromelles remembers fallen Australians" AM ABC Radio Originally Broadcast July 19th 2010 Accessed 19/07/10
    Series 2 Episode 1, 2.0 Stephen Fry Accessed 19/07/10
    Lee, Carolyne, Wordlings, weasels and word bytes: Our language on a precipice? Up Close Podcast University of Melbourne Accessed 19/07/10

The source of the material may not include all the necessary details to complete a full citation. If so, include as many details as possible and a statement that the information is unknown. For example:

  • 'Author, title, publication details (or source) all unknown. All reasonable attempts have been made to identify or locate this information. If you are the author or know who they are please advise us'.
  • 'Citation information unknown. Please advise us if you are the author or know who they are.'

The acknowledgement should be clear and legible. If it is not possible to include the acknowledgement with the item, use a bibliography or list of sources that clearly identifies which citation accompanies which item.